Identification, tissue distribution and evaluation of brain neuropeptide Y gene expression in the Brazilian flounder Paralichthys orbignyanus

Campos, Vinicius Farias; Collares, Tiago Veiras; Deschamps, João Carlos; Seixas, Fabiana Kömmling; Dellagostin, Odir Antonio; Lanes, Carlos Frederico Ceccon; Sandrini, Juliana Zomer; Marins, Luis Fernando Fernandes; Okamoto, Marcelo Hideo; Sampaio, Luís André Nassr de; Robaldo, Ricardo Berteaux


Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is one of the most potent stimulants of food intake in vertebrates, mammals and fi sh. However, the present knowledge about feeding behaviour in fi sh is still limited and based on studies in a few species. The Brazilian fl ounder Paralichthys orbignyanus is being considered for aquaculture, and it is important to understand the mechanisms regulating feeding in order to improve its performance in captivity. The objectives of this study were to clone NPY cDNA, evaluate the mRNA levels in different tissues of flounder, and also evaluate brain NPY expression to associate food intake with NPY expression levels. A 597 bp NPY cDNA was cloned from Brazilian fl ounder brain. NPY expression was detected in all the peripheral tissues analysed. No signifi cant differences were observed in brain NPY gene expression over 24 h after food intake at a temperature of 15 ± 3°C. No correlation was observed among plasma glucose, total protein, cholesterol, triglycerides and NPY expression levels during this 24 h period. On the other hand, mRNA levels were increased after two weeks of fasting at elevated temperatures. Our results suggest that NPY mRNA levels in Brazilian fl ounder are affected by temperature.

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