Comparison of chromium speciation by CZE and ion exchange followed by AAS

Baraj, Besnik; Niencheski, Luis Felipe Hax; Soares, José Antonio; Martinez, Maria; Merkoci, Arben


The hydrogen chromate anion (HCrO4), which is the predominant species in acidic solutions and solutions with low chromium concentration, was determined by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) using UV detection on-column at 200 nm. A fused-silica capillary (55 cm  50 m i.d.) was employed with a high negative voltage of 20 kV. Total chromium was determined after reduction by H2O2 and its complexation by EDTA. The use of H2O2 as reducing agent is advantageous, as it does not increase the conductivity of the solution. Detection limits achieved (for 200 s injection time) were 30 and 8 g/L for Cr(VI) and Cr(III), respectively. The CZE results obtained for Cr(III) and Cr(VI) were compared with those obtained by ion exchange with subsequent AAS.

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