The activity of flavones and oleanolic acid from Lippia lacunosa against susceptible and resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains

Duarte, Aline Castellar; Coelho, Tatiane Silveira; Silva, Pedro Eduardo Almeida da; Soares, Daniela Fernandes Ramos; Lourenço, Maria Cristina da Silva; Lage, Celso Luiz Salgueiro; Julião, Lisieux de Santana; Barbosa, Ymira Albuquerque Gálico; Leitão, Suzana Guimarães


Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is the world’s number one killer among infectious diseases. The search for new natural products that can act as drugs against TB has received increased attention during the last years. In this work we describe the isolation and identification of the active antimycobacterial principles of the dichloromethane extract from Lippia lacunosa Mart. & Schauer, Verbenaceae. Compounds were evaluated for their in vitro activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (susceptible and rifampicin resistant strain) using a redox bioassay. From the dichloromethane extract of L. lacunosa leaves, seven methoxy-flavones named cirsimaritin (1), eupatilin (2), eupatorin (3), salvigenin (4), 3′-O-methyl-eupatorin (5), 3′,7-dimethoxy-5,6,4′- trihydroxyflavone (6), and 7′-O-methylapigenin (7), and one triterpene, named oleanolic acid (8), were isolated. All compounds were found to display antimycobacterial activity against susceptible strain, with MIC ranging from 25 to 200 μg/mL. None of them was active against rifampicin resistant strain. This is the first report in the antimycobacterial activity of 6-substituted flavones, as well as the first report of the occurrence of these substances in L. lacunosa.

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  • FAMED – Artigos publicados em periódicos