Clonal growth of Typha domingensis Pers., subject to drawdowns and interference of Eleocharis mutata (L.) Roem. et Schult. in a tropical coastal lagoon (Brazil

Palma-Silva, Cleber; Albertoni, Edélti Faria; Esteves, Francisco de Assis


This paper presents the results of a study on the clonal growth of Typha domingensis Pers. in the Imboassica lagoon, in the intervals between four drawdowns. Sampling was performed over a period of two years, from permanent quadrats, in the four months after each of the drawdowns. The high mortality of the macrophytes after each drawdown is followed by a period in which the stands recover by producing ramets. The results have shown that the growth areas around the boundary of the stand (boundary band, BB) and one further towards the middle (innermost zone, IZ) show different recovery characteristics. The BB area recovered more quickly after the first drawdown, but both areas had the same accumulated biomass after the third drawdown. At the contact boundary, (CB) with stand of Eleocharis mutata, a decrease in the growth of T. domingensis occurred with a progressive invasion of E. mutata in its stand. After 10 months with no drawdown, T. domingensis produced a large quantity of inflorescences, which indicates recovery. It can therefore be concluded that successive drawdowns may decrease the regeneration ability of T. domingensis, favoring the expansion of E. mutata in the lagoon.

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