Expression and activity of glutathione S-transferases and catalase in the shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei inoculated with a toxic Microcystis aeruginosa strain

Gonçalves-Soares, Daniela; Zanette, Juliano; Yunes, João Sarkis; Yepiz-Plascencia, Glória; Bainy, Afonso Celso Dias


Microcystin (MC) produced during cyanobacteria blooms is notably toxic to human and wildlife. Conjugation with reduced glutathione (GSH) by glutathione S transferase (GST) and the antioxidant enzymes defenses (e.g. catalase, CAT) are important biochemical defense mechanisms against MCs toxicity. We investigated the enzymatic activity of CAT and GST and the gene expression levels of CAT and eight GST isoforms in the hepatopancreas of the globally farmed shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei 48-h after injection with a sub-lethal dose of 100 μg kg−1 of a toxic Microcystis aeruginosa extract. MCs caused up-regulation for GSTΩ, μ and a MAPEG isoform, by 12-, 2.8- and 1.8-fold, respectively, and increases in the total GST enzyme activity and CAT enzyme activity. The study points to the importance of further characterization for the L. vannamei GST isoforms and GST/CAT post-translational regulation processes to better understand the key mechanisms involved in the shrimp’s defense against MC exposure.

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