Natriuresis after a water load in humans under different sodium body content

Arellano, Martha Patricia Rosas; Rojas, Alberto Guevara; Guzmán, Rosalinda Guevara; Flores, Luis Pastor Solano


The present study was aimed at observing the diuretic and natriuretic responses after a water load (2% body weight) in four groups of young consenting volunteers submitted previously, during three days, to a hypersodie (500 mEq Na/day), hyposodic (35 rnEq Na/day), and normosodic (200 mEq Na/day) diet, or treated with furosemide (Lasix, 40 rag/day). During the treatment urine was collected each day. On the fourth day, in the morning, the bladder was emptied, the water load was ingested, and the urine collected during 10 periods of 20 min each. The urinary, sodium, and chloride flows were determined. The four groups displayed diuretic curves following a similar pattern. In contrast, the natriuretic curves of the four groups were completely different; totally fiat with low values for the furosernide group and a large initial natriuretic curve for the hypersodic group with a gradual decrease but maintaining high values. The results indicate that the way the organism compensates for the excess of water by means of urinary water loss is independent of the body sodium content, whereas the way in which sodium loss is accomplished is determined by its body content and is independent of the way in which the water is lost.

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  • FAMED – Artigos publicados em periódicos