Biochemical responses over time in common carp cyprinus carpio (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) during fed supplementation with α-lipoic acid

Montes, Alain Danilo Enamorado; Martins, Átila Clivea da Silva; Flores, Juliana Artigas; Tesser, Marcelo Borges; Barbosa, Sergiane Caldas; Primel, Ednei Gilberto; Monserrat, José María


The current study aimed to evaluate the influence of lipoic acid (LA) supplementation (439.84 ± 6.71 mg LA/kg feed) on antioxidants responses throughout the time in intestine, liver and muscle of juvenile common carp Cyprinus carpio. Two experimental groups were fed during four weeks with a diet with or without LA. Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity, glutathione (GSH) content, antioxidant capacity against peroxyl radicals (ACAP) and lipid peroxidation (TBARS) were evaluated in these organs. Also, a technique to measure protein disulfide bonds and sulfhydryl groups was optimized for intestine samples. GST activity was significantly higher (p b 0.05) in intestine after two weeks of supplementation. GSH content was also significantly higher (p b 0.05) in intestine, liver and muscle of fish fed with LA after two and three weeks, respectively. Total capacity antioxidant against peroxyl radicals was significantly increased (p b 0.05) in the muscle of animals fed with LA after the fourth week. Concentration of disulfide bonds was higher in the intestine of fish fed with LA but this group also showed higher concentration of sulfhydryl groups (p b 0.05). It is concluded that supplementation with LA is a safe strategy to induce antioxidant responses and improves the antioxidant status in different organs of common carp. Two week of supplementation are required to induce antioxidant responses in intestine and liver and three week for muscle.

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