Biological responses in mullet mugil liza juveniles fed with guar gum supplemented diets

Ramos, Leonardo Rocha Vidal; Romano, Luis Alberto; Monserrat, José María; Abreu, Paulo Cesar Oliveira Vergne de; Verde, Pablo Emílio; Tesser, Marcelo Borges


This study aimed to evaluate the effects of adding guar gum, a non-starch polysaccharide, to the diet of Mugil liza juveniles. The juveniles (mean weight = 0.38 ± 0.01 g) were fed one of three diets with increasing supplement levels (4%, 8%, and 12%) and a control diet without additional gum for 60 days, in order to evaluate the effects on zootechnical performance, proximate composition, liver parameters, morphological alterations to the intestinal tract, and modulation of gastrointestinal microbiota. The animals fed 8% and 12% gum presented a significantly lower mean final weight, weight gain, specific growth rate, food intake rate, and protein intake rate than the control. Adding gum to the diets also reduced the dry matter, crude protein, and carcass fat levels. All treatments with added gum resulted in increased liver glycogen, and the cholesterol levels were significantly reduced in fish fed 4% and 8% supplement levels. No intestinal morphological alterations were observed in the animals. However, a modulating effect was noted on the microbial community, altering the bacterial quantity and composition throughout the tract segments. The use of guar gum is not recommended in Mugil liza diets, at least above 4%.

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