Effects of arsenic (As) exposure on the antioxidant status of gills of the zebrafish Danio rerio (Cyprinidae)

Ventura-Lima, Juliane; Castro, Micheli Rosa de; Acosta, Daiane da Silva; Fattorini, Daniele; Regoli, Francesco; Carvalho, Leandro Machado de; Bohrer, Denise; Monserrat, Laura Alicia Geracitano; Barros, Daniela Marti; Marins, Luis Fernando Fernandes; Silva, Rosane Souza da; Bonan, Carla Denise; Bogo, Maurício Reis; Monserrat, José María


In fishes, arsenic (As) is absorbed via the gills and is capable of causing disturbance to the antioxidant system. The objective of present studywas to evaluate antioxidant responses after As exposure in gills of zebrafish(Danio rerio, Cyprinidae). Fish were exposed for 48 h to three concentration of As, including the highest As concentration allowed by current Brazilian legislation (10 μg As/L). A control group was exposed to tap water (pH 8.0; 26 °C; 7.20 mg O2/L). As exposure resulted in (1) an increase (pb0.05) of glutathione (GSH) levels after exposure to 10 and 100 μg As/L, (2) an increase of the glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) activity in the same concentrations (pb0.05), (3) no significant differences in terms of glutathione reductase, glutathione-Stransferase and catalase activities; (4) a significantly lower (pb0.05) oxygen consumption after exposure to 100 μg As/L; (4) no differences in terms of oxygen reactive species generation and lipid peroxidation content(pN0,05). In the gills, only inorganic As was detected. Overall, it can be concluded that As affected the antioxidant responses increasing GCL activity and GSH levels, even at concentration considered safe by Brazilian legislation.

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  • ICB - Artigos publicados em periódicos