Toxocariasis and childhood asthma: a case-control study

Cadore, Priscila Silva; Zhang, Linjie; Lemos, Liliam de Lima; Lorenzi, Carolina; Telmo, Paula de Lima; Santos, Paula Costa dos; Mattos, Gabriela Torres; Vignol, Flávia Saraçol; Prietsch, Sílvio Omar Macedo; Berne, Maria Elisabeth Aires; Scaini, Carlos James


Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the association between anti-Toxocara IgG seropositivity and asthma in children. Methods: This was a case-control study conducted in a university hospital in south Brazil between May 2012 and June 2013. Were recruited 208 children up to 12 years old of whom 156 had asthma (cases) and 52 did not have asthma (controls), with a case-control ratio of 3:1 matched by age. Children’s parents or guardians were interviewed using a structured questionnaire with closed questions. Serology was performed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with excretory-secretory antigen of Toxocara canis(TES). Results: The seroprevalence of IgG anti-T. canis antibodies was 12.8% in the cases and 7.7% in the controls. There was no significant association between seropositivity to T. canis and risk of asthma (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 1.89, 95% CI: 0.52 to 6.89, p = 0.33). Household income < 2 minimum salaries, paternal school years < 9, allergic rhinitis in children, a positive family history of asthma and rhinitis and contact with cats were significantly associated with asthma, with adjusted ORs (95% CIs) of 3.05 (1.21 to 7.73), 2.83 (1.11 to 7.18), 10.5 (4.32 to 25.6), 2.65 (1.14 to 6.17), 2.49 (1.07 to 5.78) and 2.73 (1.03 to 7.27), respectively. Conclusions: This study did not find a statistically significant association between seropositivity to Toxocara sp. and risk of asthma in children. Low family income, low paternal education level, concomitant allergic rhinitis, family history of asthma and allergic rhinitis and contact with cats were independent factors associated with childhood asthma.

Show full item record


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)


  • FAMED – Artigos publicados em periódicos