Na+/K+-ATPase inhibition during cardiac myocyte swelling: Involvement of intracellular pH and Ca2+

Souza, Marta Marques de; Gross, Sascha; Boyle, Robert Tew; Lieberman, Melvyn


Previous studies in chick embryo cardiac myocytes have shown that the inhibition of Na+/K+-ATPase with ouabain induces cell shrinkage in an isosmotic environment (290 mOsm). The same inhibition produces an enhanced RVD (regulatory volume decrease) in hyposmotic conditions (100 mOsm). It is also known that submitting chick embryo cardiomyocytes to a hyperosmotic solution induces shrinkage and a concurrent intracellular alkalization. The objective of this study was to evaluate the involvement of intracellular pH (pHi), intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) and Na+/K+-ATPase inhibition during hyposmotic swelling. Changes in intracellular pH and Ca2+ were monitored using BCECF and fura-2, respectively. The addition of ouabain (100 μM) under both isosmotic and hyposmotic stimuli resulted in a large increase in [Ca2+]i (200%). A decrease in pHi (from 7.3 ± 0.09 to 6.4 ± 0.08, n = 6; p < 0.05) was only observed when ouabain was applied during hyposmotic swelling. This acidification was prevented by the removal of extracellular Ca2+. Inhibition of Na+/H+ exchange with amiloride (1 mM) had no effect on the ouabain-induced acidification. Preventing the mitochondrial accumulation of Ca2+ using CCCP (10 μM) resulted in a blockade of the progressive acidification normally induced by ouabain. The inhibition of mitochondrial membrane K+/H+ exchange with DCCD (1 mM) also completely prevented the acidification. Our results suggest that intracellular acidification upon cell swelling is mediated by an initial Ca2+ influx via Na+/Ca2+ exchange, which under hyposmotic conditions activates the K+ and Ca2+ mitochondrial exchange systems (K+/H+ and Ca2+/H+).

Show full item record


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)


  • ICB - Artigos publicados em periódicos