Influence of heating, protein and glycerol concentrations of film-forming solution on the film properties of Argentine anchovy (Engraulis anchoita) protein isolate

Rocha, Meritaine da; Loiko, Márcia Regina; Gautério, Gabrielle Victoria; Tondo, Eduardo César; Prentice-Hernández, Carlos


This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of thermal treatment (74, 82, and 90 _C), glycerol (30%, 35%, and 40%, w/w) and protein concentrations (3.0%, 3.5%, and 4.0% w/w) of film-forming solution on the properties of Argentine anchovy (Engraulis anchoita) protein isolate (API) films produced by casting. The API presented 88.8% of proteins, 5.5% moisture, 1.3% lipids, 1.0% ash and 53.3% of polar amino acids. The DSC of protein isolate was observed at maximum temperature of 62.2 _C and DH 6.4 J/g. The thickness, water vapor permeability, color difference and opacity of the films were not affected by the experimental variables studied (p > 0.05). The lowest solubility, elongation, and highest tensile strength of the films occurred at low temperature, low protein and glycerol concentrations (p < 0.05). Micrographs obtained by scanning electron microscopy of the films showed homogeneous surfaces at low temperature.

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