Isolation and Characterization of a New Arthrospira Strain

Morais, Michele Greque de; Reichert, Carolina da Cruz; Dalcanton, Francieli; Durante, Andrei José; Marins, Luis Fernando Fernandes; Costa, Jorge Alberto Vieira


A filamentous microorganism, morphologically similar to the cyanobacterium Arthrospira, was isolated from Mangueira Lagoon in Brazil, from which Arthrospira has not previously been isolated. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) comparison with the standard Arthrospira platensis strains LEB 52 and Paracas indicated that the organism isolated was an Arthrospira isolate, which we denominated strain LEB 18. The RAPD analysis showed conserved sequences which indicated that the three strains belonged to the same genus, and were all Arthrospira species, but there were sufficient differences between them suggesting that they were separate strains. The strain LEB 18 was cultivated in undiluted Zarrouk medium and in 60% and 20% (v/v) Zarrouk medium diluted with sterilized Mangueira Lagoon water (MLW) using illuminance rates of 32.5, 45.5 and 58.5 μmol mÐ2 sÐ1 according to a complete 32 factorial design with a triplicate central point. The strains LEB 52 and Paracas were cultived in the conditions central point. Our new isolate produced the highest specific growth rate (μmax = 0.22 dÐ1) in 60% Zarrouk medium diluted with MLW and illuminated with 58.5 μmol mÐ2 sÐ1 and the highest protein content (86.0% w/w).

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