Semicontinuous Cultivation of the Cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis in a Closed Photobioreactor

Reichert, Carolina da Cruz; Reinehr, Christian Oliveira; Costa, Jorge Alberto Vieira


The cultivation of photosynthetic microorganisms such as the cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis has bee studied by researchers in many countries because these organisms can produce products with industrial potential. We studied the specific growth rate (μx, day-1) and productivity (Px, in mg/L/day of Spirulina platensis biomass, dry weight basis) of two S. platensis strains (LEB-52 and Paracas) growing in aerated semicontinuous culture in two-liter Erlenmeyer flasks for 90 days (2160 h) at 30°C under 2500 lux of illumination in a 12 h photoperiod. Independent of the S. platensis strain used we found that low biomass concentrations (0.50 g/L) and high renewal rates (50% v/v) resulted in a high specific growth rate (μx = 0.111day-1) and high productivity (Px = 42.3 mg/L/day). These values are two to four times higher than those obtained in simple batch cultivation and indicate that the semicontinuous cultivation of S. platensis is viable.

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