Chemical Speciation and Dissolved Iron in the Pore Water of Patos Lagoon Sediments – Brazil

Wotter, Sérgio Eloir Teixeira; Niencheski, Luis Felipe Hax; Milani, Márcio Raimundo


Sediments can sink or deliver elements to water column. Iron is considered an essential element for the development of cyanobacteria and a limitant to phytoplankton growth. Studies on the chemical speciation of iron in seawater have been conducted, but there is no information about its chemical speciation in pore water, as reported here. This paper presents a voltammetric method to analyze dissolved iron and its chemical speciation in sediment pore water, using adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry (AdCSV) and the technique of competitive ligand exchange (CLE-AdCSV), respectively. The limit of detection (LOD = 0.30 10−6 mol L−1), the quantification (LOQ = 0.90×10−6 mol L−1), precision (RSD = 4.9%) and accuracy (98%), were calculated from experiments using certified reference material SLRS-4 (National Research Council Canada). The chemical speciation of pore water from sediment samples collected during April 2009, in the Patos Lagoon Estuary (RS, Brazil), was analyzed for the first time, revealing that the ratio (labile iron to dissolved iron) is significantly lower in pore water extracted from sediments of the upper layer (0 to −5 cm), than from the overlaying water or of the pore water extracted from sediments of the lower layer (−15 to −20 cm).

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