Investigation of major and trace element distribution in the extraction–transesterification process of fatty acid methyl esters from microalgae Chlorella sp

Soares, Bruno Meira; Vieira, Augusto Alves; Lemões, Juliana Silva; Santos, Clarissa Marques Moreira; Mesko, Márcia Foster; Primel, Ednei Gilberto; D'Oca, Marcelo Gonçalves Montes; Duarte, Fábio Andrei


This work reports, for the first time, the determination of major and trace elements (Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, La, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, P, Pb, S, Se, Sn, Sr, Ti, Tl, U, V, and Zn) in the fractions of the synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs). These include fresh microalgae, residual biomass, lipid fraction, crude FAMEs, insoluble fraction and purified FAMEs from microalgae Chlorella sp. A microwave-assisted digestion procedure in closed vessels was applied for sample digestion and subsequent element determination by inductively coupled plasma-based techniques. The proposed method was suitable for the multielement determination in FAMEs and its fractions obtained from microalgae. The element concentration was compared with results found in the literature and a careful discussion about the use of residual biomass for different applications was performed.

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