Aluminum as an endocrine disruptor in female Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Correia, Tiago Gabriel; Narcizo, Amanda de Moraes; Bianchini, Adalto; Moreira, Renata Guimarães


The effects of aluminum on plasma ion, lipid, protein and steroid hormone concentration were evaluated in Oreochromis niloticus broodstock females. Lipid and protein concentrations from the gonads and liver were also measured. Experiments were performed at neutral and acidicwater pH. Four groups of fish were tested for 96 h: 1) control conditions at neutral water pH; 2) control conditions at acidic water pH (CTR-Ac); 3) aluminum at neutral water pH (Al-N); and 4) aluminumat acidic water pH (Al-Ac). Aluminumand acidicwater pH exposure caused no ionoregulatory disturbances. Total lipid concentration increased inthemature gonads and decreased in the liver, suggesting an acceleration of lipid mobilization to the ovaries in animals exposed to aluminum. However, a decreased protein concentration in ovarieswas also observed. Exposure of control fish to acidicwater pH caused an increased concentration of plasma 17α-hydroxyprogesterone. However, females exposed to aluminum at acidic water pH showed a decreased of plasma 17α-hydroxyprogesterone and cortisol. No differences in plasma 17β-estradiol were observed. The physiological mechanisms underlying the disturbances observed are discussed focusing on reproduction. We suggest that aluminum can be considered an endocrine disrupting compound in mature O. niloticus females.

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  • ICB - Artigos publicados em periódicos