Show simple item record D'Oca, Marcelo Gonçalves Montes Moraes, Luiz Alberto Beraldo Pilli, Ronaldo Aloise Eberlin, Marcos Nogueira 2016-10-10T21:01:31Z 2016-10-10T21:01:31Z 2001
dc.identifier.citation D'Oca, Marcelo Gilberto Montes et al. Intrinsic gas-phase electrophilic reactivity of Ccclic N-alkyl- and N-acyliminium ions. The Journal of Organic Chemistry, v. 66, n. 11, p. 3854-3864, 2001. Disponível em: <>. Acesso em: 10 Out. 2016. pt_BR
dc.identifier.issn 0022-3263
dc.description.abstract he intrinsic gas-phase reactivity of cyclic N-alkyl- and N-acyliminium ions toward addition of allyltrimethylsilane (ATMS) has been compared using MS2 and MS3 pentaquadrupole mass spectrometric experiments. An order of electrophilic reactivity has been derived and found to agree with orders of overall reactivity in solution. The prototype five-membered ring N-alkyliminium ion 1a and its N-CH3 analogue 1b, as well as their six-membered ring analogues 1c and 1d, lack N-acyl activation and they are, accordingly, inert toward ATMS addition. The five- and six-membered ring N-acyliminium ions with N-COCH3 exocycclic groups, 3a and 3b, respectively, are also not very reactive. The N-acyliminium ions 2a and 2c, with s-trans locked endocyclic N-carbonyl groups, are the most reactive followed closely by 3c and 3d with exocyclic (and unlocked) N-CO2CH3 groups. The five-membered ring N-acyliminium ions are more reactive than their six-membered ring analogues, that is:  2a > 2c and 3c > 3d. In contrast with the high reactivity of 2a, its N-CH3 analogue 2b is inert toward ATMS addition. For the first time, the transient intermediates of a Mannich-type condensation reaction were isolatedthe β-silyl cations formed by ATMS addition to N-acyliminium ionsand their intrinsic gas-phase behavior toward dissociation and reaction with a nucleophile investigated. When collisionally activated, the β-silyl cations dissociate preferentially by Grob fragmentation, that is, by retro-addition. With pyridine, they react competitively and to variable extents by proton transfer and by trimethylsilylium ion abstractionthe final and key step postulated for α-amidoalkylation. Becke3LYP/6-311G(d,p) reaction energetics, charge densities on the electrophilic C-2 site, and AM1 LUMO energies have been used to rationalize the order of intrinsic gas-phase electrophilic reactivity of cyclic iminium and N-acyliminium ions. pt_BR
dc.language.iso eng pt_BR
dc.rights restrict access pt_BR
dc.title Intrinsic gas-phase electrophilic reactivity of Ccclic N-alkyl- and N-acyliminium ions pt_BR
dc.type article pt_BR
dc.identifier.doi 10.1021/jo005778h pt_BR

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