Moisture sorption properties of chitosan

Rosa, Gabriela Silveira; Moraes, Mariana Agostini de; Pinto, Luiz Antonio de Almeida


The moisture equilibrium isotherms of chitosan were determined at 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 °C, using the gravimetric static method. Experimental data were analyzed by the GAB, Oswin, Halsey and Smith equations. Isosteric heat and differential entropy of sorption were determined from the GAB model using the Clausius-Clapeyron and Gibbs-Helmholtz equations, and pore size distribution was calculated by the Kelvin and Halsey equations. The GAB and Oswin equations showed best fit to the experimental data with R2 ≈ 99% and low mean relative deviation values (E% < 10%). Monolayer moisture content values (from 0.12 to 0.20 kg kg−1) and water surface area values (from 450 to 700 m2 g−1) decrease with increasing temperature. Isosteric heat and differential entropy of sorption were estimated as a function of moisture content. The Kelvin and Halsey equations were adequate for calculation of pore size distribution, which varied from 0.5 to 30 nm.

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