Migration of mycotoxins into rice starchy endosperm during the parboiling process

Dors, Giniani Carla; Pinto, Luiz Antonio de Almeida; Furlong, Eliana Badiale


Considering the occurrence of rice contamination by mycotoxins and the increase in rice consumption, the present work had the objective of assessing the migration of mycotoxins into the starchy endosperm during the parboiling process, as to propose conditions that provide lower contamination levels. The newly harvested rice grain sample was examined for the natural occurrence of mycotoxins (aflatoxin B1, aflatoxin B2, deoxynivalenol, ochratoxin A, and zearalenone); only the presence of aflatoxin B1 was found (17 ng/g). The samples were then artificially contaminated with deoxynivalenol and zearalenone, and the parboiling process was conducted according to a 23 factorial planning with central point, having as variables the contamination level deoxynivalenol 720, 1440, and 2160 ng/g, and zearalenone 476, 952, and 1428 ng/g the soaking time (4, 5, and 6 h) and autoclave time (15, 22.5, and 30 min). Mycotoxins aflatoxin B1 (AFA B1), deoxynivalenol (DON), and zearalenone (ZEA) were confirmed and determined through gas chromatography. Findings showed a lower migration trend for AFA B1 under 6 h of soaking and 30 min of autoclaving, for DON under 6 h of soaking regardless of the autoclaving time, and for ZEA under 4 h of soaking and 15 min of autoclaving. This information can contribute to the choice of process parameters that limit the migration of these mycotoxins if they happen in the raw material.

Show full item record


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)


  • EQA - Artigos Publicados em Periódicos